Open source software - is one of the policies used in managing the process of writing computer software and systems and managing them. As the open source software provides the source code, as written by the programmer, and allows this code to be read, distributed, and modified. In more detail, it is possible to define open source software as software that meets the following conditions:
- Freedom to redistribute the program.
- Availability of program code, and freedom to distribute them.
- The freedom to produce software derived or modified from the original program, and the freedom to distribute them under the same license as the original software.
- The license may prevent the distribution of the modified versions of the code, provided that files containing modifications are allowed to be distributed alongside the original text.
- There is no discrimination in the licensing of any group or persons. There is no limit to the usage areas of the program.
- The rights in the license must be given to everyone to whom the software is distributed.
Is open source software only important to computer programmers?
No, free software benefits everyone, programmers and non-programmers alike. The Internet, for example, uses a lot of this open source software to operate. Most internet servers are alerted on the Linux operating system and the Apache web server application - which benefits from both of which anyone browsing the Internet is a regular user of today.
Why do people prefer to use open source software?
People prefer open source software for some reasons, including:
Control of the program: Many people prefer open source software because they have more control over this type of program. For example, they can see the software code to make sure that it does not cause them any problems or that it harms them in any way. Ordinary users also benefit from open source software, because it enables them to use the program in the way they want and not just as the program owner wants.
Training: Another reason why people prefer free software is for the purpose of training and making the programmer better by reading the source code of other professional programmers' programs, learning by sharing codes among programmers, reviewing and criticizing these codes and sharing them is an ideal way to learn programming and take advantage of free software.
Security: Open source software is more secure and stable than closed software. Because anyone can view and modify this open software. Someone may correct errors or omissions that the original authors of the program might make. And because many programmers can work on an open source software project without having to ask permission from the original author, this makes repair, updating and upgrading of open source software more quickly than closed software.
Stability: Many users prefer open source software over encapsulated software because it is more stable. This is because programmers publicly distribute the source code for these programs, so users who rely on this program for important tasks can be sure that their tools will not disappear or fall into disrepair if the original creators stop working on them.
Price: Many open source programs are available for free and without charge, which leads to significantly lower costs for enterprises and companies on computer programs.
Confusion between free open source and free software
A common mistake among people is to confuse free software with open source software.
Open source software may be for money, but it gives you the freedom to view the program, modify it, distribute it, and the freedom to use for any purpose.
While the free software gives you freedom to use and sometimes the freedom to distribute.